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2020高考英语阅读理解模拟题及答案(12.30)

更新时间:2019-12-30 06:07:00点击次数:160次字号:T|T
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第二部分:阅读理解(共两节,40分)

第一节(共15小题;每小题2分,共30分)

阅读下列短文,从每题所给的A、B、C、D四个选项中,选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。

C

British anthropologists Russell Hill and Robert Barton of the University of Durham, after studying the results of one-on-one boxing, tae kwon do, Greco-Roman wrestling and freestyle wrestling matches at the Olympic Games, conclude that when two competitors are equally matched in fitness and skill, the athlete wearing red is more likely to win.

Hill and Barton report that when one competitor is much better than the other, colour has no effect on the result. However, when there is only a small difference between them, the effect of colour is enough to tip the balance. The anthropologists say that the number of times red wins is not simply by chance, but that these results are statistically significant.

Joanna Setchell, a primate (灵长目动物) researcher at the University of Cambridge, has found similar results in nature. She studies the large African monkeys known as mandrills. Mandrills have bright red noses that stand out against their white faces. Setchell’s work shows that the powerful males—the ones who are more successful with females—have a brighter red nose than other males.

As well as the studies on primates by Setchell, another study shows the effect of red among birds. In an experiment, scientists put red plastic rings on the legs of male zebra finches and this increased the birds’ success with female zebra finches. Zebra finches already have bright red beaks (鸟喙), so this study suggests that, as with Olympic athletes, an extra flash of red is significant. In fact, researchers from the University of Glasgow say that the birds’ brightly coloured beaks are an indicator of health. Jonathan Blount, a biologist, and his colleagues think they have found proof that bright red or orange beaks attract females because they mean that the males are healthier. Nothing in nature is simple, however, because in species such as the blue footed booby, a completely diff

Meanwhile, what about those athletes who win in their events while wearing red? Do their clothes give them an unintentional advantage? Robert Barton accepts that “that is the implication” of their findings. Is it time for sports authorities to consider new regulations on sports clothing?

28. According to their research, Hill and Barton conclude that _____.

A. the colour of clothing has an effect on most sport events

B. red plays a role when competitors are equally capable

C. red should be the choice of colour for clothing in sports

D. athletes perform better when surrounded by bright red

29. The underlined word “tip” in Paragraph 2 is closest in meaning to _____.

A.    change                    B. seek                       C. keep                       D. achieve

30. The example of the blue footed booby proves that _____.

   A. male birds use different body parts to draw attention

   B. red is not the only colour to attract female birds[来源:学科网]

   C. blue gives学科网(www.zxxk.com)--教育资源门户,提供试卷、教案、课件、论文、素材及各类教学资源下载,还有大量而丰富的教学相关资讯! female birds the same advantage

   D. blue can indicate how healthy a bird is

31. What is the best title for the passage?

A. What Colour Implies More Power?               B. Red Is for Winners

C. Need to Change the Rules in Sports?            D. A Tip on Clothing

 

                                      D

Charles Dickens was born in Portsmou学科网(www.zxxk.com)--教育资源门户,提供试卷、教案、课件、论文、素材及各类教学资源下载,还有大量而丰富的教学相关资讯!th on 7th February, 1812. His father, John Dickens, was a clerk in the Navy. In 1814 the Dickens family moved to London and two years later to Chatham in Kent. Charles attended a private school for a few years there until the family moved back to London in1822.

Two years later Charles’s father was sent to a debtors’ prison for not paying his bills. Charles was 12 years old at the time. The family had no money, so he had to leave school and get a job in a factory that made shoe polish. The conditions there were very bad and the workers were very poor. It was a completely different world from one Charles knew and he was often sad and lonely.

His father managed to leave the prison and Charles returned to school, but this experience had a great effect on him. He never forgot it and described it in several of his novels.

Great Expectations is usually described as a bildungsroman, a type of novel that was popular in Victorian times. Bildungsroman is a German word used for novels that show the psychological and moral development of the main character as he or she grows up. However, Great Expectations, like most of Charles Dickens’s novels, can not be so easily defined. It is also a story about love and passion, a mystery story and a story that comments on the society of the time.

Great Expectations is set on the marshes(湿地) of Kent and in London in the early to mid-1800s. The main character is a poor orphan boy called Pip, who lives with his old sister and her husband, Joe. One day he meets and falls in love with a rich girl called Esella. She laughs at him because he is a poor village boy and he starts to become unhappy with his life. A few years later he learns that he has a secret benefactor(捐助人), who wants him to live the life of a gentleman. Now that he is rich, he thinks that he has a chance of winning Estella’s love. He leaves his village and goes to live London, where he makes new friends. He starts to feel ashamed of his home and his family, particularly Joe, who he treats unkindly. However, after many adventures he is finally able to recognize his mistakes.

Charles Dickens originally wrote a sad ending for Great Expectations but he decided to change it to a happier one because of a suggestion from one of his friends. Most books today contain the new ending but there are some that also include the original one.

32. According to the passage, which of the following is Wrong about Dickens?

A.    Financial difficulties forced the Dickens family to move to London.

B.     He was left to take care of himself at 12 when his father was put into a debtor’s prison.

C.     He had a little primary education and lived a sad and painful life.

D.    Great Expectations was based on much of Dickens’ personal experience.

33. What does the underlined word “Bildungsroman” in paragraph 4 mean?

A.    a process of maturation(成熟) and self-discovery.

B.     a process of becoming independent.

C.     a process of physical and mental development.

D.    a change from selfishness to love and passion.

34. What will Pip’s relationship with Joe be possibly like at the end of the story?

A.    Pip will become more ashamed of his family and less kind to Joe.

B.     Pip will be grateful to Joe and reward him.

C.     Pip will be kind and friendly to Joe.

D.    Pip will be cold and distant with Joe.

35. Pip realizes what is the most important thing in life at the end of the story?

A.    wealth and social status.

B.     love and loyalty.

C.     lifelong ambition and successful careers.

D.    Great expectations and wildest dreams.

参考答案:

C篇: 28-31         B A B B      

 D篇:  32-35     A A C B

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