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2019高考英语阅读理解模拟题及答案(4.19)

更新时间:2019-04-19 06:15:00点击次数:256次字号:T|T
今朝高考英语网整理“2019高考英语阅读理解模拟题及答案(4.19)”,更多高考英语真题、高考英语模拟题、高考英语复习资料等,请关注今朝高考英语辅导栏目。

第二部分:阅读理解(共两节,满分40分)

第一节(共15小题;每小题2分,满分30分)

阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项(ABCD)中,选出最佳选项,并在答题上将该项涂黑。

C

Ireland has had a very difficult history. The problems started in the 16th century when English ruler tried to conquer(占领) Ireland. For hundreds of years, the Irish people fought against the English. Finally, in 1921, the British government was forced to give independence to the south of Ireland. The result is that today there are two “Irelands”. Northern Ireland, In the north

In the 1840s the main crop, potatoes, was affected by disease and about 750,000 people died of hunger. This, and a shortage of work, forced many people to leave Ireland and live in the USA, the UK, Australia and Canada. As a result of these problems, the population fell from 8.2 million in 1841 to 6.6 million in 1851.

For many years, the majority of Irish people earned their living as farmers. Today, many people still work on the land but more and more people are moving to the cities to work in factories and offices. Life in the cities is very different from life in the countryside, where things move at a quieter and slower pace.

The Irish are famous for being warm-hearted and friendly, Oscar Wilde, a famous Irish writer, once said that the Irish were “the greatest talkers since the Greeks”. Since independence, Ireland has revived(复兴) its own culture of music, language, literature and singing. Different areas have different styles of old Irish songs which are sung without instruments. Other kinds of Irish music use many different instruments such as the violin, whistles, etc.

28. What does the author tell us in paragraph 1?

A. How the Irish fought against the English.        B. How Ireland gained independence.

C. How English rulers tried to conquer Ireland.     D. How two ”Irelands” came into being.

29. We learn from the text that in Ireland_____.

A. food shortages in the 1840s led to a decline(下降) in population.

B. people are moving to the cities for lack of work in the countryside.

C. it is harder to make a living as a farmer than as a factory worker.

D. different kinds of old Irish songs are all sung with instruments.

30. The last paragraph is mainly about____。

A. the Irish character B. Irish culture

C. Irish musical instruments              D. a famous Irish writer

31. What can be the best title for the text?

A. Life in Ireland                 B. A Very Difficult history

C. Ireland, past and present         D. The Independence of Ireland

D

Sweet or salty? What kind of tastes do you like? If like me, you have a sweet tooth and you probably can’t resist(抵抗) eating cakes, biscuits or chocolate and will sweeten your tea or coffee with spoonfuls of sugar-delicious! But the taste makes it very easy to ignore the warnings that too much of the white stuff(东西)is bad for our health.

Consuming(消耗) sugar is an addiction-the more we eat, the more we want. Today’s processed food, like ready meals, is related to the stuff and many fizzy(起泡的)drinks contain seven teaspoons of sugar in just one can. In the UK, statistics show that sugar consumption is at its highest level in history and the government is trying to get the food industry to cut the amount of sugar in popular products like chocolate bars by 20% by 2020.

Of course, sugary food tastes nice, it can help lift our mood, and a part in it can refresh us. But there are dangers too: a high-sugar diet is linked to putting on weight, and being overweight can increase the risk of getting type 2 diabetes(糖尿病). With these warning signs, I have considered changing my diet by replacing sugary snacks with fruit and salty biscuits-but that’s boring!

I’m not alone. BBC journalist Radhika Shanghani, has gone one step further. Encouraged by some well-knowns and nutritionists promoting a ‘zero tolerance’ (零容忍)approach to sugar, she gave it up altogether, thinking it would make her healthier. Initially(首先, 起初) she says, “My first fortnight(两周) involves mood swings. I have disturbing headaches and feel permanently hung-over.” These symptoms disappeared but she still found food shopping hard as she was stressing about buying the right things.

Her experiment wasn’t a success. She eventually sought advice from Susan Jebb, professor of diet and population health at Oxford University who said: “Lots of people enjoy sugar and gain pleasure from it, so one has to find a balance between enjoyment and eating the right amount.”

32. What is a person with a sweet tooth most likely to do?

A. Reject sweet cakes.                                         B. Have his coffee black.

C. Add sugar to his drinks.                                  D. Remember the harm of sweet food.

33. What can we infer from the 2nd and 3rd paragraphs?

A. Sugar consumption is all bad for us.

B. Processed food contains no sugar.

C. People in UK tend to consume less sugar.

D. Chocolate bars are popular with the British.

34. Why does the author want to change his diet?

A. To avoid being overweight.                            B. To quit his boring life.

C. To enjoy sugar-free food.                                D. To cheer himself up.

35. What can we learn about the BBC journalist?

A. She replaced her usual diet with salty biscuits.

B. She promoted a balance between joy and pressure.

C. She reduced her sugar consumption successfully.

D. She suffered some side effects from eating no more sugar.

答案解析:

28~31 DABC

32~35 CDAD

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