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2020中考英语阅读理解模拟题及答案(4.21)

更新时间:2020-04-21 06:16:00点击次数:1980次字号:T|T
今朝中考英语网整理“2020中考英语阅读理解模拟题及答案(4.21)”,供中考考生复习参考,更多中考英语真题、中考英语模拟题、中考英语复习资料,请关注今朝教育中考英语辅导栏目。

三、阅读理解(共15 小题;每小题2 分,计30 分)

阅读下列内容,从每小题所给的四个选项中选出一个最佳答案。

C

People all over the world have some strange hobbies, and one of the most unusual in Britain is “trainspotting”. It’s usually men over the age of 40, but not always. You’ll see them standing around at railway stations and other places where trains pass by, and you’ll see them taking photos and exchanging notes with each other. So, what are they doing?

Well, they’re collecting information about trains – the numbers on the front of the trains, or the make and model of the “locomotive” –the part of the train which pulls all the other parts. In the same way that some people collect toys or stamps, these men collect and exchange all kinds of details about trains and railways.

The idea goes back as far as 1942. That year, a young man named Ian Allan was working at Waterloo railway station in London. It was his job to answer letters from people about trains, and quite a lot of the questions he received were very similar. He found himself getting a little annoyed at sending the same replies to the same questions, so he had a word with his boss. He asked if he could write a booklet (小手册) giving the answers to the most frequently asked questions – an early version of the FAQs you see on websites nowadays. His boss said if he wanted to waste his time on such a project, he should do it in his own time.

So he did. The first 2,000 copies were all sold in days, and by the 1950s, a million copies of British Railways Locomotives were selling every year. Ian Allan went on to become a successful publisher, and got an Order of the British Empire (OBE, 大英帝国勋章) from the Queen in 1995. He died in 2015, but his trainspotting hobby lives on.

30.   What is the article mainly about?

A.   An introduction to some strange hobbies.

B.    What trainspotting is and how it works.

C.    What makes trainspotting popular in the UK.

D.    How Ian Allan developed his trainspotting hobby.

31.    What do trainspotters do?

A.    They collect railway toys and stamps.

B.    They observe the scenes at railway stations.

C.    They gather and exchange details about trains.

D.    They build and collect model trains based on photos.

32.    How did Ian Allan react to people’s similar questions about trains?

A.    He found it interesting to answer those questions.

B.    He was annoyed and didn’t reply to the later ones.

C.    He wrote a booklet to answer those questions.

D.    He created a website to answer those questions.

33.    How did the world respond to Ian Allan’s effort?

A.    His boss gave him a lot of help to publish his booklet.

B.    His booklet wasn’t well received when first introduced.

C.    His work published in the 1950s is not popular anymore.

D.    His project on train-related questions earned him great fame.

D

I was at the market at 5 pm, the worst time of day to shop, to pick up a few things: cream for coffee, eggs for breakfast and Advil for my headache.

I’d been rushing all day doing jobs for people. I did not want to be shopping, to say the least. But I told myself it was my last stop before going home to put my feet up.

So I parked my car, grabbed a bag from the trunk (后备箱) and found a shopping cart.

The market wasn’t as crowded as I had expected. I grabbed a package of linguini (意粉) and some pesto (松子青酱).

That’s when I saw her. She was sitting in a shopping cart. She looked to be maybe 9 months old. Short blond curls, blue eyes. A white lace dress and shiny black shoes.

I couldn’t take my eyes off her. Then I did what I always do with children: I gave her my best smile. I may have looked a bit mad, but it came from my heart.

That is a habit I formed long ago when I became a mother. It started with my first child, in that unforgettable, life-changing moment of her birth.

At times my smile would fade to a look of fear or worry, but it never left my face for long. It always came back, even through tears.

I’ve learned that everyone needs a smile sometimes, young and old, friends and strangers, even strangers at the market in a rush to get home.

She took her time deciding just what to make of my smile. But finally, she lit up. I laughed and waved goodbye. And she blew me a kiss.

That put a smile on my face that got a smile in return from every shopper I passed.

I was still smiling when I got home and realized I’d forgotten to get Advil. Luckily, I didn’t need it. My headache was gone.

Somehow, in that simple exchange of smiles, this weary (使人厌烦的) old world became a better

place.

Want to change the world? Try smiling. Someone will smile back at you. I guarantee it. If you’re lucky, maybe they’ll even blow you a kiss and make your headache go away.

34.    What can we know about the author from the first four paragraphs?

A.    She couldn’t wait to go shopping.

B.    She didn’t know what to shop at the market.

C.    She was disappointed at the goods in the market.

D.    She didn’t want to go to the market at that time.

35.    What does the underlined word “That” refer to?

A. Shopping in the afternoon.                     B. Suffering from a headache.

C. Smiling at kids she meets.                          D. Observing different people.

36.    What happened to the author after seeing the girl?

A. She thought about her childhood.              B. She still felt depressed.

C. She no longer felt low.                             D. She wanted to kiss the girl.

37.    What is the main purpose of this article?

A. To show how to find joy in daily shopping.      B. To share her thoughts on smiling in a story.

C. To recall happy times with her children.         D. To show how to communicate with children.

参考答案:

30-33 BCCD   

34-37 DCCB

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