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2019中考英语阅读理解模拟题及答案(5.18)

更新时间:2019-05-18 06:06:00点击次数:138次字号:T|T
今朝教育整理“2019中考英语阅读理解模拟题及答案(5.18)”,供中考考生复习参考,更多中考英语真题、中考英语模拟题、中考英语复习资料,请关注今朝教育中考英语辅导栏目。
IV.阅读理解.(每小题6分,共30分)阅读下列材料,从A、B、C、D四个选项中选出最佳答案,并把答题卡上对应题目的答案标号涂黑.
34.(8分)Many of us don't pay much attention to the importance of eye care. It is said that if you take care of your body, then you can surely be healthy. That is why our eyes should be given a lot of care. Natural eye care should be put in a number one place.
    There  are  several  causes  leading  to  poor  eyesight  like  not  enough  food,  genes  (基因)and  aging  (老化).Televisions,  computers  and  reading  are  also  the  causes  of  having  poor  eyesight.  If  you  work  in  front  of  the computer, it is best to take a break every once in a while. Something dirty can cause redness and they will  make you feel  uncomfortable.  It  is  bad for  your  eyes,  too.  If this  happens,  the best  way is  to clean your  eyes  by  using cold water.
    Also,  it's  important  that  you  must  try  your  best  to  protect  your  eyes  from  harmful  things.  For  example, sunglasses are not just for fashion but they can also serve as a great way to protect your eyesight from ultraviolet rays (紫外线).
    Eating healthy foods  will  do good to your eyesight. Remember that vitamins  A, C  and E are good for eyes. Try to eat food groups that have these vitamins.  And you should do eye exercises because exercise protects  your eyesight,  too.  If a  person exercises  regularly (定期地) and eats  the right  kind of food,  his  eyes  will  stay in  good condition for a long time.
    All above are natural ways of eye care that help us keep healthy eyes. Being happy all the time can be helpful to a person's eyesight, too. In a word, eye care is very important, no matter how old a person is.
(1)All the following causes can lead to bad eyesight except B .
A. age
B. height
C. reading
D. computers
(2)What should you do if you have to work in front of the computer? D
A. Eat healthy foods.
B. Clean the eyes by using cold water.
C. Wear a pair of sunglasses.
D. Have a rest after working for a while.
(3)If we put the passage into three parts, which of the following is the best? D
(  ①=Para. 1 ②=Para. 2 ③=Para. 3 ④=Para. 4 ⑤=Para.5  )
A.  ①;  ②;  ③④⑤
B.  ①②;  ③④;  ⑤
C.  ①;  ②③;  ④⑤
D.  ①;  ②③④;  ⑤
(4)Which is the best title of the passage? A
A. Ways of Eye Care
B. Ways of Eye Exercises
C. Ways of Being Happy
D. Ways of Being Healthy
【分析】这是一篇健康环保类阅读,这短文告诉我们的是保护眼睛是很重要的,但是在生活中很多人都没有注意到这件事请.在保护眼睛的方法中,使用自然的方式是重要的.作者在短文中分析了影响我们视力的因素,并告诉我们该怎样做,可以保护我们的眼睛不受伤害.
【解答】1.B.细节理解题.根据第二段中There are several causes leading to poor eyesight like not enough food, gene(基因) and aging(年龄增长). Televisions, computers and reading are also the causes of having poor eyesight影响视力的因素有很多,如没有足够的食物、基因的影响、年龄的增长等,电视、电脑和阅读也会对视力有影响.用排除法我们可以知道,除了身高.选B.
2.D.细节理解题.根据第二段 If  you  work  in  front  of  the computer, it is best to take a break every once in a while如果你在电脑前工作,最好每隔一段时间休息一下.可知,如果你要在电脑前面工作,工作一段时间后休息一下,这样可以保护眼睛.今朝中考英语网:jzjy365.com收集整理。故选D.
3.D.结构分析题.第一段总的介绍Natural eye care should be put in a number one place自然的眼睛护理应该放在第一位.第二、三、四段分别介绍了视力下降的原因及保护眼睛的方法.第五段总结All above are natural ways of eye care that help us keep healthy eyes所有这些都是眼睛保健的自然方式,帮助我们保持健康的眼睛.因此是总分总的结构.选D.
4.A.标题猜测题.根据最后一句All above are natural ways of eye care that help us keep healthy eyes所有这些都是眼睛保健的自然方式,帮助我们保持健康的眼睛.可知,标题可以是"眼部护理方法".选A.
【点评】阅读题型,要注重句子与句子之间、段落与段落之间逻辑关系以及对篇章的整体理解.根据所给问题选择正确选项完成试题.
35.(8分)It seems like technology is everywhere.Computers and smart phones are at the center of almost everything we do.They constantly(持续地)require our attention.We text our friends with them during the day,sleep with them by our beds and check our messages as soon as we wake up.
In the future,technology will no longer be interrupting us all the time.Instead,we will use calm technology which was first developed by scientist Mark Weiser in the 1970s.In his opinion,calm technology works quietly but constantly.We know it is there,but we don't pay much attention to it According to Mark,the beat technology should be invisible(隐形的)and let you live your life.
We already use many different types of calm technology in our everyday lives.Do you have a smoke alarm in your house?That smoke alarm is always there,checking the air for smoke and quietly keeping you safe.It only reminds you it's there when you've burnt your bread!Or there may be lights in your home or school.When somebody passes in front of their sensors(传感器),the lights turn on.You don't think about this type of technology until you see the light go on.
In the future,we can imagine our houses will use calm technology to open the curtains for us in the morning,to tum down the heat when we leave,or even to choose the best music for our mood The minute we walk through the door,our house will respond by turning on the lights and music,and perhaps even starting to prepare our dinner!
(1)Which of the following is an example of calm technology? C
A.A computer.
B.A smart phone.
C.A smoke alarm.
D.A radio.
(2)What does the underlined word"interrupting"mean? D
A.Hurting.
B.Protecting.
C.Helping.
D.Troubling.
(3)What's the main idea of the third paragraph? C
A.Calm technology keeps us safe in many ways.
B.Calm technology can help you to do housework.
C.Calm technology has been used in our daily lives.
D.Calm technology plays an important part in schools.
(4)What can we infer from the passage? B
A.The light won't go on unless we touch the sensor.
B.Calm technology will make our life more convenient.
C.People will depend more on smart phones in the future.
D.People won't have to work because of calm technology.
【分析】文章大意:这是一篇日常生活类阅读,主要介绍现在科技无处不在,每天我们都需要使用并关注这些科技,比如检查信息等.在未来,许多生活中的科技将是平静的,不会再打扰我们,比如烟雾报警器,传感器,运用平静技术的自动窗帘等,你不用考虑这些技术,它们会自动为我们服务.
【解答】1.答案:C.细节理解题.根据第三段第一行We already use many different types of calm technology in our everyday lives.Do you have a smoke alarm in your house?我们已经在日常生活中使用了许多不同类型的平静技术.你家里有烟雾报警器吗?可知,烟雾报警器属于平静技术,选C.
2.答案:D.词意猜测题.根据后面Instead,we will use calm technology相反,我们将使用平静技术.可知,这里应该是技术将不再一直"打扰"我们.可以用Troubling"使烦恼"代替.选D.
3.答案:C.段落大意题.根据第三段第一句We already use many different types of calm technology in our everyday lives.在我们的日常生活中,我们已经使用了许多不同类型的平静技术.可知,平静的技术已经应用在我们的日常生活.选C.
4.答案:B.细节理解题.根据最后一段In the future,we can imagine our houses will use calm technology to open the curtains for us in the morning,to tum down the heat when we leave,or even to choose the best music for our mood The minute we walk through the door,our house will respond by turning on the lights and music,and perhaps even starting to prepare our dinner!在未来,我们可以想象我们的房子会用平静技术为我们在早上打开窗帘.当我们离开的时候把温度调低点.甚至我们穿过大门的那一刻,根据我们的心情选择音乐.我们的房子会通过声控打开灯和音乐.甚至开始准备我们的晚餐!可知,在未来,平静的技术将使我们的生活更方便.选B.
【点评】阅读题型,要注重句子与句子之间、段落与段落之间逻辑关系以及对篇章的整体理解.根据所给问题选择正确选项完成试题.

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